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Wood Burning Guide

Alder

Alder


Low Quality. Although Alder wood tends to burn quickly when fully seasoned, it gives off little heat.

Rating

1 out of 5

Apple

Apple


Extremely hard stuff once seasoned. Apple wood burns with a gorgeous aroma, and doesn’t tend to spark or spit.

Rating

5 out of 5

Ash

Ash


One of the best woods for fuel producing lovely flames and great heat, even when green. Use the branches for kindling.

Rating

5 out of 5

Beech

Beech


Very good firewood which produces both heat and flame. Beech can sometimes give off a few sparks. Season for a year.

Rating

4 out of 5

 

Birch

Birch


A good firewood producing a great fire and burns fairly quickly, even unseasoned. Can use the bark as kindling.

Rating

4 out of 5

Blackthorn

Blackthorn


Although the logs are small, Blackthorn burns slowly and gives off lots of heat and little smoke.

Rating

5 out of 5

Cedar

Cedar


Not a good wood to burn on open fires as it spits and sparks. Lovely aroma. Ideal for kindling. Needs long seasoning

Rating

2 out of 5

Cherry

Cherry


Season well. Burns slowly without spitting. Pleasant smell.

Rating

4 out of 5

Douglas Fir

Douglas Fir


Produces lots of flame but burns very quickly.

Rating

3 out of 5

Elder

Elder


Smoky quick burner. Not much heat and not commonly used for firewood.

Rating

3 out of 5

Elm

Elm


Huge water content so needs long seasoning. Good firewood, burns slowly, giving constant heat.

Rating

3 out of 5

Eucalyptus

Eucalyptus


Not commonly used as firewood. Burns quickly without spitting.

Rating

3 out of 5

hawthorn

Hawthorn


Excellent firewood, burns hot and slowly. Even the smaller twigs are worth using.

Rating

5 out of 5

Hazel

Hazel


Excellent firewood when seasoned. No spitting, burns quickly.

Rating

4 out of 5

Holly

Holly


Good firewood only when seasoned.

Rating

3 out of 5

Hornbeam

Hornbeam


Good firewood, producing a hot slow-burning fire. Tip – prepare before seasoning as it is a very hard wood.

Rating

4 out of 5

Horse Chestnut

Horse Chestnut


Lots of spitting but good flame and heat. Needs long seasoning.

Rating

3 out of 5

Larch

Larch


Tendency to spit and produces an oily soot in chimneys.

Rating

2 out of 5

Laurel

Laurel


Produces a lovely flame, little heat.

Rating

2 out of 5

Lime

Lime


Poor, low quality fuel.

Rating

1 out of 5

Maple

Maple


A good quality fuel-producing wood.

Rating

4 out of 5

Oak

Oak


Excellent firewood. Burns slowly, giving off plenty of heat. Oak that hasn’t been seasoned long enough, 2 years ideal, can give off an acrid smoke.

Rating

5 out of 5

pear

Pear


Good heat, as well as a gorgeous aroma.

Rating

4 out of 5

Pine

Pine


Good flame and scent but spits and leaves an oily soot in your chimney.

Rating

2 out of 5

Plum

Plum


Good Heat and Scent

Rating

2 out of 5

Poplar

Poplar


Poor quality firewood.

Rating

1 out of 5

Rowan

Rowan


Produces a good, hot, slow-burning fire.

Rating

4 out of 5

Spruce

Spruce


Not a good firewood, burning too quickly and producing lots of sparks.

Rating

1 out of 5

Sweet Chestnut

Sweet Chestnut


Not suitable for an open fire as it spits excessively all the time.

Rating

1 out of 5

Sycamore

Sycamore


Good firewood, burning well, but produces only moderateheat.

Rating

3 out of 5

walnut

Walnut


Burns well with pleasant smell

Rating

3 out of 5

Willow

Willow


Burns well if seasoned properly little flame can spark.

Rating

3 out of 5

Yew

Yew


One of the best. Burns slowly and produces lots of heat.

Rating

5 out of 5